Human diseases caused by bacteria

Human diseases caused by bacteria (bacterial diseases):

Turning the attention to bacterial pathogens, of all the known bacterial organisms, very few of them are pathogenic to humans causing bacterial diseases. Human diseases caused by bacteria (bacterial diseases) have different modes of transmission based on which the classification of bacterial diseases is done. Let’s go around a journey of examples of bacterial diseases and their causal organisms. 

Airborne Diseases:

In this case, the mode of transmission of bacterial diseases is via air. The chief site of action for these type of bacterial diseases is the human respiratory system. Although other parts like the skin can also be affected.

  • Chlamydial Pneumonia is caused by Chlamydophila pneumoniae.
  • Diphtheria is caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae.
  • Legionnaires’ Disease (also called Legionellosis) is caused by Legionella pneumophila. 
  • Meningitis is caused by Streptococcus pneumonia, Neisseria meningitidis, Haemophilus influenzae serotype b, Nocardia asteroides, Staphylococcus aureus, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Listeria monocytogenes, Group B streptococci. 
  • Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
  • Mycoplasmal Pneumonia is caused by Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
  • Pertussis is caused by Bordetella pertussis.
  • Streptococcal Pharyngitis is caused by Group A Streptococci.
Human diseases caused by bacteria

Source-https://link.springer.com/


Direct Contact Bacterial Diseases:

In this case, the mode of transmission of bacterial diseases is direct contact. This usually involves skin transmission. This category also includes sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Let’s have a look at the examples:

  • Leprosy is caused by Mycobacterium leprae.
  • Tattoo-associated Mycobacterial Infection is caused by Mycobacterium chelonae.
  • Gas Gangrene (also called Clostridial Myonecrosis) is caused by Clostridium perfringens. 
  • Group B Streptococcal Disease (GBS) is caused by Streptococcus agalactiae. 
  • Peptic Ulcer Disease is caused by Helicobacter pylori.
  • Nongonococcal Urethritis is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
  • Staphylococcus Scalded Skin Syndrome (SSSS) is caused by Staphylococcus aureus. 
  • Tetanus is caused by Clostridium tetani.
  • Trachoma is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis.
  • Ophthalmia neonatorum is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae (when the birth canal is infected).
Human diseases caused by bacteria

Source- https://healthjade.net/

STDs (sexually transmitted diseases caused by bacteria):
  • Gonorrhea is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
  • Syphilis is caused by Treponema pallidum subsp. pallidum.
  • Chancroid is caused by Haemophilus ducreyi.
  • Granuloma Inguinale is caused by Calymmatobacterium granulomatis.
  • Urethritis is caused by Ureaplasma urealyticum.
  • Nongonococcal urethritis (NGU), Cervicitis, Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis.
Human diseases caused by bacteria

Source- https://www.researchgate.net/


Food-Water Borne Bacterial Diseases:

In this case, the mode of transmission of bacterial diseases is via the intake of food and water. Food poisoning comes into the picture when food is the source of the pathogen.

  • Cholera is caused by Vibrio cholerae.
  • Salmonellosis (also called Salmonella gastroenteritis) is caused by 2000 Salmonella serovars.
  • Sepsis and Septic Shock is caused by E. coli, Klebsiella spp., Enterobacter spp., Salmonella spp. etc.
  • Shigellosis is caused by four species of Shigella. For instance, S. sonnei.
  • Gastroenteritis is caused by Campylobacter jejuni. 
  • Food-borne Botulism is caused by Clostridium botulinum.
  • Escherichia coli Gastroenteritis is caused by Escherichia coli. There are about six strains of E.coli that are diarrheagenic. They are: Enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC), Enteropathogenic E.coli (EPEC), Enteroaggregative E.coli (EAggEC), Enteroinvasive E.coli (EIEC), Enterohemorrhagic E.coli (EHEC), Diffusely Ahdering E.coli (DAEC). 

Arthropod-Borne Bacterial Diseases:

In this case, the mode of transmission of bacterial diseases is via arthropods. This mode of transmission is rare.

  • Lyme Disease (LD, also called Lyme Borreliosis) is caused by Borrelia burgdorferi, Borrelia garinii, Borrelia afzelii. 
  • Plague is caused by Yersinia pestis.
  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever is caused by Rickettsia rickettsii.

Zoonotic Bacterial Diseases:

Zoonoses or Zoonotic Bacterial Diseases is a term used to denote the transmission of bacterial diseases via animals.

  • Anthrax is caused by Bacillus anthracis. 
  • Brucellosis is caused by Brucella species, for instance, B. abortus, B. melitensis, B. suis, B. canis. 
  • Psittacosis (also called ornithosis) is caused by Chlamydophila psittaci. 
  • Q Fever is caused by Coxiella burnetii.
  • Tularemia is caused by Francisella tularensis.

Opportunistic Bacterial Diseases:

These are a specialized category of bacterial diseases where the normal microbiota of the human body can become pathogenic in certain cases. 

  • Antibiotic-Associated Colitis is caused by Clostridium difficile.  
  • Bacterial Vaginosis is caused by Gardnerella vaginalis. 
  • Streptococcal Pneumonia is caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae. 

Thank you for reading

Team MBD

 

 

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