Difference between Cybrids and Hybrids in Plant Biotechnology

In this article, we will be covering the Difference between Cybrids and Hybrids in Plant Biotechnology. In terms of plant biotechnology, hybrid and hybrid are two separate notions. A plant cell or organism that possesses the mitochondria and chloroplasts from one species’ cytoplasm and the nuclear genome of another is referred to as a hybrid. Protoplast or somatic cell fusion procedures are used to accomplish this. The term “hybrid” in plant biotechnology, on the other hand, describes the progeny of the interbreeding of two distinct plant species or varieties, where the nuclear genomes of both species contribute to the genetic makeup of the hybrid.

Difference between Cybrids and Hybrids

In the table below, the difference between cybrids and hybrids has been covered.

Cybrids vs Hybrids


Cybrids, also known as cytoplasmic hybrids, are produced when the nuclear genetic material of one species is fused with the cytoplasm of another. Cybrids are produced in plant biotechnology using methods like protoplast or somatic cell fusion. The resulting cybrid organism possesses the mitochondrial DNA of one species and the chloroplasts and other cytoplasmic organelles of the other species. With the use of hybrids, researchers may better understand how cytoplasmic factors influence plant features and how the nuclear and cytoplasmic genomes interact. They can be used for things like crop enhancement, disease resistance, and investigating how cytoplasmic inheritance affects plant traits.

Somatic Hybrids

Protoplasts or somatic cells from two different plant species are fused to create somatic hybrids, which are important in plant biotechnology. Somatic hybrids, as opposed to cybrids, have the nuclear genomes of both parents. Somatic hybridization facilitates the production of new plant varieties with enhanced qualities by enabling the transfer of favourable traits from one species to another. The transfer of particular genes or gene combinations, as well as the development of crops and disease resistance, can all benefit from this method. The study of organelle-nuclear interactions, gene mapping, and somatic hybrids all benefit from their use in these fields. Somatic hybrids are useful tools for plant genetic research and agricultural breeding in general.

Hope the difference between cybrids and hybrids is clear in terms of plant biotechnology.

Also, read Bt cotton to reduce the Bt! – My Biology Dictionary

Check out (45) Cybrids are produced by: – YouTube

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *