How to use a Glucometer at home?
The plurality of the approximately 422 million individuals with diabetes globally reside in low- and middle-income nations, and diabetes is directly responsible for 1.5 million fatalities annually. A blood glucometer measures the amount of glucose (a form of sugar) in the blood
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Why should we use a glucometer to measure blood sugar levels?
The most crucial thing you can do to control either type 1 or type 2 diabetes is to regularly monitor your blood sugar levels. You’ll be able to monitor what influences your statistics to rise or fall, such as consuming various foods, taking medication, or engaging in physical activity. With the help of this knowledge, you can decide on the optimum diabetes management strategy in collaboration with your medical team. These choices can aid in delaying or preventing diabetes-related problems like amputation, renal damage, blindness, and heart attack. When and how frequently to check your blood sugar levels will be determined by your doctor.
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a long-term (chronic) illness that affects how your body converts food into energy.
The majority of the food you consume is converted by your body into sugar (glucose), which is then released into your bloodstream. Your pancreas releases insulin when your blood sugar levels rise. In order for blood sugar to enter your body’s cells and be used as energy, insulin functions like a key.
Types of Diabetes
Type 1, Type 2, and gestational diabetes are the three basic kinds of diabetes (diabetes while pregnant).
Type 1 Diabetes
It is believed that an autoimmune reaction is what causes type 1 diabetes (the body attacks itself by mistake). Your body’s production of insulin is stopped by this reaction. Type 1 diabetes affects 5–10% of adults with diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes
Your body struggles to properly utilize insulin in type 2 diabetes, making it difficult to maintain normal blood sugar levels. The majority of diabetics (90–95%) are type 2. It takes years to develop, and adults are typically diagnosed with it (but more and more in children, teens, and young adults).
Women who have never had diabetes before and who become pregnant can acquire gestational diabetes. If you have gestational diabetes, your unborn child may be more susceptible to health issues. After your baby is born, gestational diabetes typically disappears. However, it raises your chance of developing type 2 diabetes in later life.
The instrument used to measure blood sugar level: Glucometer
A blood glucometer measures the amount of glucose (a form of sugar) in the blood and is a compact, portable device (also known as the blood glucose level). A blood glucometer is a common tool used by people with diabetes to help them control their disease.
Types of Glucometer
There are two types of glucometer :
For those who don’t need frequent testing or insulin injections, this type is a good fit.
Using a fingerstick sample deposited on a test strip and inserted into the gadget, it measures the blood glucose level at the moment.
Continuous glucose monitors (CGMs).
People with type 1 diabetes, those who need strict blood sugar control, those who use insulin pumps, those who don’t exhibit warning signs or symptoms of low blood glucose, and those who suffer frequent high or low levels might consider this type.
It does not require fingersticks and is non-intrusive. Using a sensor applied to your skin, it continuously measures your blood sugar levels.
How to Use a Glucometer
Although there are many distinct types of meters, they all function in the same way. Ask your medical team to demonstrate the advantages of each for you. Have someone else learn how to use your meter in addition to yourself in case you become ill and are unable to check your blood sugar levels. Use the following template to monitor your blood sugar at home using a glucometer.
The following are hints for using a blood sugar meter.
1. Verify that the meter is prepared for usage and clean.
2. Immediately seal the test strip container tightly after removing a strip. If test strips come into contact with moisture, they may become destroyed.
3. Use soap and warm water to wash your hands. good drying To induce bleeding into your finger, massage your hand. Alcohol should not be used since it dries the skin out too much.
4. Pierce a finger with a lancet. Gently squeeze some blood onto the test strip starting at the base of the finger. In the meter, place the strip.
5. The reading will show up after a little period of time. Monitor and document your outcomes. Include any information that may have caused the reading to fall outside of the desired range, such as diet, activity, etc.
6. Dispose of the lancet and strip it into an appropriate garbage can.
7. Never share lancets or other blood sugar monitoring tools with anyone, not even family members. Please visit Infection Prevention during Blood Glucose Monitoring and Insulin Administration for more information regarding safety.
8. Place test strips in the container that has been given. Avoid exposing them to moisture, very high or very low temperatures.
Reading of a Glucometer
Blood sugar levels in healthy individuals should fall within the following ranges:
• Under 100 mg/dl when fasting (morning testing or before a meal).
Prior to meals: 110 mg/dl or less
Below 140 mg/dl two hours after eating
At night: under 120 mg/dl
5.7 percent or less for HbA1c
Diabetes cannot be identified just with at-home testing. People who get unexpected readings will require additional testing by a physician.
• Blood sugar levels for diabetics should be as follows: a dependable source
80–130 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dl) when fasting (morning testing or before a meal).
In the morning: 70–130 mg/dl
After two hours of eating: less than 180 mg/dl
At night: under 120 mg/dl
7.0 percent or less for HbA1c
People should obtain precise goal numbers from their doctor before starting home testing.
Depending on a person’s health, age, weight, and other characteristics, target numbers might vary from person to person and over time.
Benefits of Glucometers
Overall, the principal advantages of using glucose meters are as follows: Maintaining your blood sugar targets without going to the hospital because of too high or too low blood sugar long-term blood sugar management success, which prevents problems like heart, renal, or eye damage The majority of diabetics check their blood sugar levels every day, which necessitated several trips to a doctor’s office or hospital prior to the availability of convenient at-home blood sugar monitoring.
Self awareness about basic healthcare machines is the need of the hour. Keep reading for more!